How to care for bonsai trees

how to care for bonsai

Art of the bonsai comes from the ancient Orient. Fans of indoor plants were immediately captivated by this unique opportunity – to have a piece of nature in their homes. Born in China and  after reaching perfection in Japan, bonsai became popular all over the world. You can grow this deliciously amazing and beautiful miniature tree, which is an exact copy of Carmona (tea tree), pomegranate, myrtle, fig, peach or azaleas grown in nature at home.

Bonsai at home gives bright colors of spring bloom, fresh green foliage in the summer, golden leaves during the autumn and winter charm of intricacies of the branches, awaiting new coming spring. Indoor bonsai requires attention, as well as careful and proper care. As the basis of this plant is a tree that naturally grows in a subtropical or tropical climates which is not as easy to recreate in your house. Therefore, it is better to choose the type which is most close to the conditions of your particular region. However, with proper care, you can grow perfect copies of exotic plants.

Choosing a bonsai for your home

Seeds of the cypress family, pine, juniper, maple, elm can have a difficult time in room conditions. They are most comfortable in the garden. In the house, it is better to settle for tea tree, myrtle, hibiscus, indoor acacia, gardenia, pomegranate, Ficus Benjamina, citrus and so on.

Flower shops sell plants already planted in pots. However, you can take a sampling from the natural soil. A house tree will live in a flat container (bowl). It is required to trim the crown and roots each year for leaf and root system balance. Usually, in late winter bonsai should be re-potted, while preparing a new soil bowl that 2-3 cm wider than the previous one for it.

After you buy a plant, you need to replant it correctly. To do this, cut the roots by about 1/3 and place in a bowl with the prepared soil. You can start shaping the leaves about two weeks later when the tree is well adapted to the new conditions.

How to care for bonsai at home

caring for bonsai


The pot for your bonsai should certainly have a good drainage system. The bottom layer of the bowl should be filled with small pebbles or expanded clay. The soil, when chosen should correspond to a given plant. If it’s suddenly not available, you can stay on the universal soil for houseplants.

It is advantageous to plant something that will protect moisture from excessive evaporation such as moss on top. Bonsai requires nutrients, which are usually mineral fertilizers intended for indoor flowers. Intensive nutrition is needed from the beginning of spring, and before the winter holidays of once per 2-3 weeks. While watering you can use regular water that has been staying out a while (preferably), and during the summer don’t forget to spray your bonsai with water.


During the year, you need to make sure that the temperature is as close as possible to the trees natural habitat. Subtropical plants are fairly easy to adapt to room conditions. In the summer, it is advantageous to carry them out in the front garden, balcony or just leave them on an open windowsill. In winter, the temperature should not exceed 15 degrees celsius, tropical plants – 18 celsius. Keep your bonsai away from drafts, cold surfaces and do not place them near heaters.


Temperature and lighting for bonsai are interconnected. Less light means the temperature should be lower. But under intense illumination, the tree will respond better to a high temperature. At room conditions, bonsai may not have enough sunlight, especially during the autumn-winter period. This disadvantage is compensated by the means of artificial light, which fluorescent tubes are best for use.


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